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Effect of Combined Use of Astragaloside IV (AsIV) and Atorvastatin (AV) on Expression of PPAR-γ and Inflammation-Associated Cytokines in Atherosclerosis Rats

Bin Sun, Ruping Rui, Haiying Pan, Luchang Zhang, Xiaolong Wang

Department of Emergency Medicine, Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, Weifang, Shandong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:6229-6236

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908480

Available online:

Published: 2018-09-07

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of combined use of Astragaloside IV(AsIV) and atorvastatin (AV) on the expression of PPAR-γ and inflammation-associated cytokines in atherosclerosis rats.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in plasma were detected through automatic biochemical analyzer and the histopathological analysis was performed via HE staining. The levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukins (IL)-6 and IL-18 in serum were detected by ELISA. The expressions of proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ), cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36), matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), and p38 and P-p38 levels were detected by Western blot. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), PPAR-γ, CD36, MMP-9, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1.
RESULTS: Administration of AsIV and AV significantly decreased the lipid content and oxLDL in plasma. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-18 were significantly decreased in AsIV, AV, and AsIV + AV groups, especially in the AsIV + AV group. Administration decreased the levels of NF-κB, CD36, MMP-9, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and P-p38 expression and increased the expression of peroxisome PPAR-γ. Compared with the NC group, the atherosclerotic lesions significantly increased in the HD group, while the combined administration significantly inhibited the development of atherosclerotic disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Combined administration of AV and AsIV showed potent effects against atherosclerosis through the NF-κB/PPARγ pathway, which may be a new therapy for treatment of atherosclerosis in the future.

Keywords: Accessory Atrioventricular Bundle, atherosclerosis, Inflammation