CTD-2020K17.1, a Novel Long Non-Coding RNA, Promotes Migration, Invasion, and Proliferation of Serous Ovarian Cancer Cells In Vitro
Linfei Zhu, Qixuan Guo, Xinxin Lu, Junhua Zhao, Jinxin Shi, Zhenning Wang, Xin Zhou
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:1329-1339
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal malignant tumor of the female reproductive system, and the metastasis is one of the major factors that contribute to the poor outcome of patients with OC. Accumulating evidence indicates that lncRNAs are expressed and play important regulatory roles in ovarian cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Aberrant lncRNAs in primary ovarian cancer tissues (POCTs) and paired omental metastasis tissues (OMTs) of patients with HGSOC were studied via lncRNA microarray. Real-time PCR was performed to examine CTD-2020K17.1 expression in HGSOC tissues from 38 patients, a normal ovarian surface epithelium cell line, and 4 ovarian cancer cell lines. Additionally, Transwell assays, wound healing assays, CCK-8 proliferation assays, and flow cytometry were used to explore the biological function of CTD-2020K17.1 in ovarian cancer cells. Finally, Western blot analysis was used to verify the potential target gene of CTD-2020K17.1.
RESULTS: A novel lncRNA named CTD-2020K17.1 was identified via microarray analysis. Expression of CTD-2020K17.1 was significantly increased in OMTs and in 4 ovarian cancer cell lines compared with POCTs (P<0.05) or normal ovarian surface epithelial cell line (P<0.05). Moreover, CTD-2020K17.1 overexpression promoted migration, invasion, and proliferation of ovarian cancer cells, and CTD-2020K17.1 regulated the expression of CARD11.
CONCLUSIONS: CTD-2020K17.1 is significantly upregulated in OMTs and ovarian cancer cell lines. It can promote the migration, invasion, and proliferation of ovarian cancer cells, and CARD11 is regulated by CTD-2020K17.1.
Keywords: Neoplasm Metastasis, RNA, Long Noncoding