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12 July 2018 : Animal Research  

Partial Recovery of Limb Function Following End-to-Side Screw Anastomosis of Phrenic Nerve in Rats with Brachial Plexus Injury

Guang-Liang Hao1A, Tian-Yin Zhang2B, Qiang Zhang1C, Ming-Yong Gu1D, Chen Chen1C, Lin Zou1B, Xue-Cheng Cao1C, Gui-Chun Zhang1D*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.908379

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS4832-4840

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brachial plexus injury (BPI), a severe nervous system injury, is a leading cause of functional damages of the affected upper limb. Patients with BPI manifested with motor weakness or paralysis, sensory deficits, and pain. We established a BPI rat model to explore the in vivo effect of end-to-side screw anastomosis (ETSSA) of phrenic nerve on the recovery of limb function after BPI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: After modeling, rats were treated with end-to-side anastomosis (ETSA) and ETSSA respectively. After 1 and 3 months, the behavioral changes of rats were observed using the Terzis grooming test, and the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) and muscle tension of biceps brachii were detected. The muscle weight recovery rate (MWRR) and cross-sectional area recovery rate (CARR) were calculated. Toluidine blue staining was used to observe the myelinated nerve fibers in the proximal phrenic nerve and distal musculocutaneous nerve of suture. The ratio of regenerated nerve traversing rate (NTR) was counted and motor endplate area of biceps brachii was measured.

RESULTS: The rats treated with ETSA and ETSSA exhibited elevated grading of Terzis grooming test with time. Although both the ETSSA and ETSA can reduce the MWRR, CARR and motor endplate area in BPI rats, ETSSA showed a better influence on the latency delayed rate (LDR) and amplitude recovery rate (ARR) of CMAP, muscular tension recovery rate (MTRR), MWRR, number of regenerated myelinated nerve fibers, NTR, and motor endplate area in BPI rats.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided evidence that ETSSA can restore the limb function recovery to a greater extent, and accelerate the regeneration of nerve fibers in rats with BPI; the effect of ETSSA was better than that of ETSA.

Keywords: Orthopedics, Phrenic Nerve, Arteriovenous Anastomosis

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750