08 June 2018 : Clinical Research
Significance of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) T2 Hyperintense Endo-Vessels Sign in Progressive Posterior Circulation InfarctionJialiang Xu1ABCDEFG*, Xiaohong Chen1BCDE, Muhui Lin1BDE
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: DIA3873-3881
BACKGROUND: MRI FLAIR hyperintense vessels sign (FHVs) is a special imaging marker that plays a key role in acute infarction imaging and diagnosis. However, FHVs have not been studied in the context of progressive posterior circulation infarction (PPCI), and little is known about the association of hyperintense endo-vessels sign (HEVs) on transverse section MRI with infarction. Thus, our objective here was to investigate the clinical significance of transverse MRI T2 HEVs in patients with PPCI.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective, case-control study, we enrolled 100 consecutive posterior circulation infarction patients. All the patients underwent head MRI examinations on the onset day and the seventh day after admission. Neurologic deficits of the patients were assessed by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores upon admission and after 7 days. Infarction volume on DWI was compared.
RESULTS: HEVs were detected in 25 of 37 patients in the PPCI group (67.6%) and 22 of 63 patients in the NPPCI group (34.9%). Logistic regression analysis showed that the proportion of HEVs in the PPCI group was higher than in the NPPCI group (P=0.007). Among all the patients, HEVs were detected in 15 of 18 patients (83.3%) with occlusion of the vertebral artery or basilar artery, and 17 of 23 (73.9%) showed severe stenosis. The proportion of vertebrobasilar artery occlusions in the PPCI group was higher than in the NPPCI group (P<0.05). MRI DWI showed that 20 patients had cerebellum infarction among 23 vertebral artery HEVs patients, and 14 patients had brainstem infarction among 15 basilar artery HEVs patients. All of the 9 vertebral and basilar artery HEVs patients had brainstem infarction. The increase in NIHSS scores from baseline to 7 days was significantly greater in patients with HEVs than in patients without HEVs in the PPCI group (P=0.002). The expansion of the infarction size from baseline to 7 days was significantly larger in patients with HEVs than in patients without HEVs in the PPCI group (P=0.037).
CONCLUSIONS: HEVs are frequently detected in patients with vertebrobasilar artery territory infarction, and they can be considered as a special imaging marker for vertebral artery and basilar artery occlusion and severe stenosis. HEVs can indicate whether or not posterior circulation infarction progresses and they may be an independent risk factor of PPCI.
Keywords: Blood Vessels, Infarction, Posterior Cerebral Artery, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
01 May 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
16 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchImportance of Influenza Anti-Hemagglutinin Antibodies During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in the 2019/2020 Epide...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936495
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
22 April 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547
18 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchPhysical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801
18 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchAssociation Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134
17 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchClinical Application of C-TIRADS Category and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Differential Diagnosis of Sol...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936368
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996