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18 May 2018 : Clinical Research  

Association of Difference in Coronary Sinus Diameter by Computed Tomographic Angiography Between Patients in and Not in Stable Atherosclerotic Plaque(S)

Yancui Li1AB, Wen Liang2CD, Jianchun Zhang3EG, Ruchen Peng1EF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907934

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR3265-3273

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pathological finding fail to describe the morphology of coronary arterial plaques. Retrograde cardiac arteriography is a complicated procedure and does not detect all left posterior and marginal veins of the heart. Magnetic resonance angiography has long scan time and low spatial resolution. The objective of the present study was to assess the possible utility of the difference in coronary sinus diameter to quantify stable atherosclerotic plaque(s) using 256-slice coronary computed tomographic angiography.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 336 patients were divided into 2 groups with 168 patients each. Patients who had heart failure were included in the study group and those who did not were included in the non-study group. Patients were subjected to cross-sectional study. Cardiovascular images were performed with 256-slice coronary computed tomographic angiography with a prospective electrocardiogram and clinical manifestation. Two-tailed paired t test following Dunnett’s multiple comparison tests was performed for the quantitative measurement of coronary computed tomographic angiography and clinical manifestation at 99% confidence level.

RESULTS: The clinical manifestation did not clearly show cardiac abnormality. The diameters of the superoinferior coronary sinus ostium was than that of the anteroposterior coronary sinus ostium, (p<0.0001, q=26.325). There was the difference in size of the coronary sinus ostium between patients in and not in heart failure (p<0.0001). The study group patients had longer coronary sinuses than patients in the non-study group (p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: 256-slice computed tomographic angiography is a feasible and is non-invasive bio-tool for evaluation of coronary artery anatomy.

Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Cardiovascular Diseases, coronary sinus, Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography, Heart Septal Defects, Atrial

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750