Type A Behavior Pattern, Impulsiveness, Risk Propensity, and Empathy as Predictors of Dyspnea and Number of Infections in Men with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study
Andrzej Witusik, Łukasz Mokros, Piotr Kuna, Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała, Adam Antczak, Tadeusz Pietras
Department of Psychology, Institute of Pedagogical Sciences, Faculty of Social Science, Piotrków Trybunalski Branch, Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Kielce, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:3832-3839
Stress and psychological factors can induce dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to assess selected elements of the clinical presentation of COPD in the context of the severity of type A pattern of behavior, impulsiveness, and tendency for empathy.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The study group consisted of 179 men with COPD and the control group consisted of 31 healthy male smokers. In all patients, the number of infectious exacerbations over the past year, the result on the dyspnea scale (MRC), and the FEV1-to- predicted FEV1 ratio was assessed. The A pattern of behavior was measured using the Type A scale. To measure impulsivity, risk propensity, and empathy, the IVE impulsivity questionnaire was used.
RESULTS: An increase in the number of infectious exacerbations was associated with an increased score on the Type A scale, an increase in risk propensity, and a decrease in impulsivity score. Increased severity of dyspnea was associated with an increase in Type A behavior pattern score and an increase in the risk propensity score.
CONCLUSIONS: Type A behavior pattern and risk propensity are independent predictors of the number of infections in the last year and of the subjective severity of dyspnea among men with COPD and healthy male smokers.
Keywords: Empathy, Impulsive Behavior, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive