XiaoCui Li, MingHong Yin, JinPing Gu, YanYan Hou, FuJu Tian, Feng Sun
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tong Ji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR4038-4045
Available online: 2018-06-13
Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) metabolomics have been deployed to detect novel differential metabolites in cases with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty patients who had recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSAs) and 51 control patients (age, gestational age, and body mass index (BMI) match) were enrolled in this study. Untargeted GC-MS and targeted LC-MS were combined to discover and validate the different metabolomic profiles between groups. Score plots of orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) clearly separated the RSA group from the control group. The variable importance in projection (VIP) generated in OPLS-DA processing represented the contribution to the discrimination of each metabolite ion between groups. Variables with a VIP >1 and P<0.05 were considered to be different variables. We also used MetaboAnalyst 3.0 to analyze the pathway impact of potential metabolite biomarkers.
RESULTS: Fifty-four metabolites were significantly different between the two groups, as indicated by a VIP >1 and P<0.05. The metabolic pathways involving glycine, serine, threonine (P=0.00529, impact=0.26), beta-alanine (P=0.0284, impact=0.27), and phenylalanine metabolism (P=0.0217, impact=0.17), along with the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle (P=0.0113, impact=0.19) and the glycolysis pathway (P=0.037, impact=0.1) are obviously related to RSA. Verification by LC-MS showed that the concentration of lactic acid in RSA was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), while the concentration of 5-methoxytryptamine was significantly lower in the RSA group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: In our study, untargeted GC-MS was used to detect disturbance of metabolism occurs in RSA and targeted LC-MS further was used to show that plasma concentrations of two metabolites (lactic acid and 5-methoxytryptamine) were different in the RSA compared to the control group.
Keywords: Abortion, Habitual, Chromatography, Liquid, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Metabolomics