Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

31 May 2018 : Animal Research  

A Possible Role for Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements-1 (LINE-1) in Huntington’s Disease Progression

Huiping Tan1ABCDEFG, Chunlin Wu2ABCDE, Lei Jin1ACDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907328

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS3644-3652

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that increased mobilization of Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements-1 (L1) can promote the pathophysiology of multiple neurological diseases. However, its role in Huntington’s disease (HD) remains unknown.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: R6/2 mice – a common mouse model of HD – were used to evaluate changes in L1 mobilization. Pyrosequencing was used to evaluate methylation content changes. L1-ORF1 and L1-ORF2 expression analysis were evaluated by RT-PCR and immunoblotting. Changes in pro-survival signaling were evaluated by L1-ORF overexpression studies and validated in the mouse model by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting.

RESULTS: We found an increased mobilization of L1 elements in the caudate genome of R6/2 mice (p<0.05) – a common mouse model of HD – but not in wild-type mice. Subsequent pyrosequencing and expression analysis showed that the L1 elements were hypomethylated and their respective ORFs were overexpressed in the affected tissues. In addition, a significant decrease in the pro-survival proteins such as the phosphoproteins of AKT target proteins, mTORC1 activity, and AMPK alpha levels was observed with the increase in the expression L1-ORF2.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that hyperactive retrotransposition of L1 triggers a downstream signaling pathway affecting the neuronal survival pathways via downregulation of mTORC1 activity and AMPKalpha and increasing apoptosis in neurons.

Keywords: AMP-Activated Protein Kinases, Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements-1, Huntington’s disease

0 Comments

Editorial

01 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935299

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

26 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

25 November 2021 : Clinical Research  

Use of Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy for Treatment of Mild to Moderate COVID-19 in 4 Patients with Rheumato...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934267

In Press

29 Nov 2021 : Database Analysis  

Integrated Analysis of Angiogenesis-Mediated Tumor Immune Microenvironment Pattern in Hepatocellular Carcin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934937  

26 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Serum Uric Acid Levels in Relation to Atrial Fibrillation: A Case-Control Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934007  

26 Nov 2021 : Database Analysis  

Network Pharmacology Integrated Molecular Docking Revealed the Mechanism of Jianpi Yiqi Taohua Decoction Ag...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933537  

26 Nov 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750