Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

30 April 2018 : Laboratory Research  

Cellular Mechanisms of Hepatoprotection Mediated by M2-Like Macrophages

Li Bai1ABCDE, Liming Fu2AD, Lu Li3BCF, Feng Ren4ADG, Qingfen Zheng1BCF, Shuang Liu1DE, Yuanping Han5ADG, Sujun Zheng1DG, Yu Chen1AG, Zhongping Duan1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907222

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR2675-2682

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acute liver injury in the setting of hepatic fibrosis is an intriguing and still unsettled issue. We previously have demonstrated the protective effects conferred by M2-like macrophages in the fibrotic liver. In the present work, we further decipher the cellular mechanisms governing this hepatoprotection.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Macrophages were isolated from control mice (M0 macrophages), then polarized into M1 or M2 phenotype using IFN-γ or IL-4, respectively. Conditioned media (CM) from M0, M1, and M2 macrophages were harvested and applied to M1 macrophages. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by immunostaining and real-time PCR. Similarly, human monocyte-derived macrophages were isolated and polarized, then M0, M1, and M2 CM were applied to HL-7702 or HepG2 cells followed by apoptosis induction. Cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: For the mouse conditioned medium experiment, stronger expression of cleaved caspase 3 and higher Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA ratio were found in M1 macrophages pretreated with M2 CM compared to those in M1 macrophages pretreated with M0 or M1 CM. Similarly, exposure of HL-7702 and HepG2 cells to either M0 or M1 CM had no significant effect on cell apoptosis. Nevertheless, the frequency of hepatocyte apoptosis was substantially reduced in HL-7702 (from 32.23±2.99 to 15.37±0.69 for Annexin V+/PI+ staining, p<0.01) and HepG2 cells (from 36.1±7.26 to 15.2±1.2 for Annexin V+/PI+ staining, p<0.01) with M2 CM pretreatment.

CONCLUSIONS: M2-like macrophages exert their hepatoprotective effect by promoting M1-like macrophage apoptosis but protecting against hepatocyte apoptosis.

Keywords: Defense Mechanisms, Macrophage Activation

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

03 December 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

07 Dec 2021 : Review article  

A Review of the Impact of Neutrophils and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) on the Development of Aorti...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935134  

07 Dec 2021 : Review article  

Adie’s Pupil: A Diagnostic Challenge for the Physician

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934657  

06 Dec 2021 : Animal Research  

Astragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830  

06 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Alteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750