Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

30 March 2018 : Animal Research  

Hypertonic Saline Alleviates Brain Edema After Traumatic Brain Injury via Downregulation of Aquaporin 4 in Rats

Jian Yin1BCD*, Haixiao Zhang1DE, Huai Chen1CDE, Qingping Lv1DE, Xuhong Jin1AG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.907212

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS1863-1870

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hypertonic saline (HS) has been successfully used for treatment of various forms of brain edema. Decreased expression of aquaporin (AQP)4 and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a and interleukin (IL)-1b have been linked to edema pathogenesis. This study examined the effect of 3% HS on brain edema in a rat model of traumatic brain injury (TBI).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to TBI induced by a controlled cortical impactor. The HS group was injected with 3% NaCl until the end of the study period. AQP4, TNF-α, IL-1β, and caspase-3 levels were measured by Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and quantitative real-time PCR. Brain water content was also measured. Apoptotic cells in brain tissue were detected with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling. Brain water content decreased following treatment with 3% HS relative to the TBI group.

RESULTS: This was accompanied by decreases in AQP4, TNF-α, and IL-1β mRNA and protein levels. TBI resulted in increases in caspase-3 mRNA expression and the number of apoptotic cells; treatment with 3% HS suppressed apoptosis as compared to the TBI group.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with 3% HS ameliorated TBI-induced brain edema, possibly by suppressing brain edema, pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, and apoptosis.

Keywords: Aquaporin 4, Brain Edema, Saline Solution, Hypertonic

0 Comments

Editorial

01 January 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Patients

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

11 January 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Remote Questionnaire-Based Study to Compare Alcohol Use in 1030 Final-Year High School Students in Split-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935567  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

31 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Observational Study of 42 Patients with COVID-19 infection and a History of Hepatitis C Virus...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935075

30 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

In Press

19 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Study to Compare the Effects of Methylprednisolone and Dexamethasone in 35 Patients with An...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934703  

17 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

Unveiling the Differences in Biological Properties of Dental Pulp Stem Cells from Normal and Inflamed Pulp:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934511  

14 Jan 2022 : Database Analysis  

Identification of Key Genes Associated with Brain Metastasis from Breast Cancer: A Bioinformatics Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935071  

13 Jan 2022 : Review article  

A Review of Current Clinical Concepts in the Pathophysiology, Etiology, Diagnosis, and Management of Hyperc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935821  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

05 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

The Effects of Social Support on Sleep Quality of Medical Staff Treating Patients with Coronavirus Disease ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923549

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923549

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750