25 April 2018 : Laboratory Research
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR2541-2549
BACKGROUND: Histone H2A deubiquitinase MYSM1 has recently been shown to be essential for hematopoiesis and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) function in both mice and humans. However, conventional MYSM1 knockouts cause partial embryonic lethality and growth retardation, and it is difficult to convincingly remove the effects of environmental factors on HSC differentiation and function.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: MYSM1 conditional knockout (cKO) mice were efﬁciently induced by using the Vav1-cre transgenic system. The Vav-Cre MYSM1 cKO mice were then analyzed to verify the intrinsic role of MYSM1 in hematopoietic cells.
RESULTS: MYSM1 cKO mice were viable and were born at normal litter sizes. At steady state, we observed a defect in hematopoiesis, including reduced bone marrow cellularity and abnormal HSC function. MYSM1 deletion drives HSCs from quiescence into rapid cycling, and MYSM1-deﬁcient HSCs display impaired engraftment. In particular, the immature cycling cKO HSCs have elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and are prone to apoptosis, resulting in the exhaustion of the stem cell pool during stress response to 5-FU.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study using MYSM1 cKO mice confirms the important role of MYSM1 in maintaining HSC quiescence and survival.
Keywords: Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Histones, ubiquitination
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