Overexpression of Myosin Phosphatase Target Subunit 1 (MYPT1) Inhibits Tumor Progression and Metastasis of Gastric Cancer
Fengyong Wang, Yuanshui Sun
Department of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:2508-2517
Myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) serves as a subgroup of myosin phosphatases, and is frequently low-expressed in human cancers. However, little is known about the effects of MYPT1 in gastric cancer (GC).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, MYPT1 expression was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) in GC tissues, different advanced pathological stages of GC tissues, and preoperative and postoperative patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to measure the overall survival of GC patients. MYPT1 expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR and Western blot assays in GES-1 cells and GC cells. Cell proliferation, cycle, and migration and invasion abilities were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry, and Transwell assays. E-cadherin, TIMP-2, MMP-2, MMP-9 RhoA, and p-RhoA expressions were assessed by qRT-PCR and Western blot assays in treated SNU-5 cells.
RESULTS: Our results indicated that MYPT1 was down-regulated in GC tissues and cells, and is related to clinical stages and overall survival of GC. Functional research demonstrated that overexpression of MYPT1 can inhibit cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, and migration and invasion of GC cells. Many studies on mechanisms reported that overexpression of MYPT1 dramatically improved the expression levels of cell cycle-related genes (Cyclin D1 and c-myc), significantly increased epithelial marker (E-cadherin) expression, and decreased invasion-associated genes (TIMP-2 and MMP-2) expressions in SNU-5 cells. In addition, we found that MYPT1 suppressed RhoA phosphorylation.
CONCLUSIONS: We verified that MYPT1 inhibits GC cell proliferation and metastasis by regulating RhoA phosphorylation.
Keywords: Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase, rhoA GTP-Binding Protein, Stomach Neoplasms, Transcellular Cell Migration