Sinomenine Attenuates Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Lung Injury by Inhibiting Inflammation and Oxidative Stress
Xiaofeng Zhang, Lijun Rui, Mei Wang, Hairong Lian, Liming Cai
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS1574-1580
Available online: 2018-03-17
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of sinomenine (SIN) on chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)- induced lung injury in rats, and to explore the underlying mechanisms.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: To perform the investigation, a CIH rat model was established. ELISA assay was applied to detect the level of inflammatory cytokines. Oxidative stress bio-markers (MDA, SOD, and CAT) were determined in lung tissues. In addition, the expression level of NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) was analyzed by Western blotting and qRT-PCR, respectively.
RESULTS: The results showed that compared with other groups, more obvious pulmonary pathological changes were observed in the CIH group. The level of inflammatory cytokines in the CIH group was markedly higher than that in the control and Con-S groups. Compared with the control and Con-S groups, oxidative stress was notably increased in the CIH group. Expression of Nox2 was also increased in the CIH group. The effects caused by CIH in rats were attenuated by SIN treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: SIN can reverse chronic intermittent hypoxia-induced lung injury through inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress.
Keywords: Lung Injury, Oxidative Stress, Sinomenium, Sleep apnea, obstructive