The Effect of Cerebrovascular Stenosis on Peri-Hematoma Cerebral Perfusion and Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Supratentorial Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Zengpanpan Ye, Xiaolin Ai, Jun Zheng, Lu Ma, Sen Lin, Chao You, Hao Li
(Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:8647-8654
Chinese Clinical Trial Registry # ChiCTR-IOR-17010675
Many factors are associated with the cerebral hypoperfusion after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), however, the effect of cerebrovascular stenosis on peri-hematoma cerebral blood flow (CBF) and 90-day poor outcomes in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is still unclear.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: From September 2016 to March 2017, we prospectively collected data on adults with supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages. Using the Propensity Score model, we compared the peri-hematoma CBF and 90-day poor outcomes (mRS ≥3) in the stenosis group and the control group.
RESULTS: Before matching, a total of 116 patients were included in this study, 25 patients in the stenosis group and 91 patients in the control group. After matching, the patients in the stenosis group had a higher absolute decrease of CBF (p=0.003), higher relative decrease of CBF (p=0.016), and higher incidence of 90-day poor outcomes (p=0.041) than the control group. With subgroup analysis, the patients with Glasgow Coma Scale from 13 to 15 (p=0.035), hematoma in the cerebral lobe (p=0.003), mean arterial pressure lower than 120 mm Hg (p=0.003), absolute decrease of CBF higher than 15 mL/100 g per minute (p=0.007), and relative decrease of CBF higher than 30% (p=0.020) had poorer outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: In our series, the stenosis of main cerebral vessels decreased the peri-hematoma CBF and increased the rate of 90-day poor outcomes. Despite higher Glasgow Coma Scale, the evaluation of cerebral perfusion in patients with sICH is needed, especially for the patients with hematoma in the cerebral lobe and lower mean arterial pressure; and treatments to keep adequate cerebral perfusion are needed.
Keywords: Intracranial Hemorrhages, perfusion imaging, propensity score, Stroke