09 February 2018 : Clinical Research
Investigation of Adipose Tissue Fatty Acid Composition in Men with Uronephrolithiasis and Metabolic SyndromeInga Bikulčienė1BCDEF, Laima Vasiliauskaitė1ABCDEF, Zita Aušrelė Kučinskienė1ABCDEF, Arvydas Kaminskas1ABCDEF, Vaiva Hendrixson1ABDEFG
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR818-826
BACKGROUND: Fatty acids (FA) and their metabolites are closely related to some mechanisms involved in the development of uronephrolithiasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between FA composition and type of kidney stones.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Abdominal adipose tissue fatty acid methyl esters of 71 men with nephrolithiasis were identified by GC/MS, and the type of kidney stones was identified using FTIR infrared spectroscopy. Patients were divided into groups according to diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MS) and type of kidney stone. The composition of FA was compared within different groups of patients with different types of kidney stones and between the patients and healthy individuals (control group) (n=100).
RESULTS: Individuals with nephrolithiasis had a significantly higher level of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and a lower level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) versus healthy individuals. Patients with MS had a higher level of 18: 1ω9 and a lower level of 16: 1ω7 than patients without MS. Individuals with nephrolithiasis, but without MS, had a higher level of saturated fatty acids (SFA) compared to controls. The level of PUFA was higher in the control group (p<0.0001) compared to individuals with uronephrolithiasis, with or without MS. PUFA, ω – 6 PUFA, and 18: 2ω6 were higher in patients with calcium-based kidney stones without MS versus patients with uric acid kidney stones with MS.
CONCLUSIONS: The levels of MUFA were significantly higher and the levels of PUFA were significantly lower in patients with uronephrolithiasis compared to controls.
Keywords: Fatty Acids, Kidney Calculi, Metabolic Syndrome X
01 May 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
22 April 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547
25 May 2022 : Review articleNarrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665
24 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchRemimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Nov 2020 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996