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eISSN: 1643-3750

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Levels Are Positively Associated with Insulin Resistance

Ping Zhu, Xinliang Liu, Xiaoming Mao

Department of Endocrinology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR342-347

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905774

Available online: 2018-01-17

Published: 2018-01-17


#905774

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that overt and mild thyroid dysfunctions are associated with insulin resistance (IR). We performed this retrospective study to evaluate the relationships between thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels within the reference range and IR.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 447 outpatients were enrolled in this study: 298 with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 149 nondiabetic individuals. Based on a cutoff HbA1c value of 7%, diabetic patients were additionally divided into 2 groups: a high-HbA1c group (n=240) and a low-HbA1c group (n=58). The relationships of TSH levels and HOMA-IR were computed using linear regression models.
RESULTS: TSH levels were positively and linearly associated with HOMA-IR in both the nondiabetic and diabetic groups (r=0.210, p=0.011 and r=0.451, p<0.001), as well as in the high- and low-HbA1c groups (r=0.507, p<0.001 and r=0.259, p=0.048). A better correlation between TSH levels and HOMA-IR was found in the diabetic group and in the high-HbA1c group when compared with the nondiabetic group and the low-HbA1c group, respectively. Linear regression analysis showed that TSH levels were independently associated with HOMA-IR (p=0.034, =0.049 and <0.001 in nondiabetic, low-, and high-HbA1c groups, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that TSH is independently associated with insulin resistance.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Insulin Resistance, thyrotropin



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