Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

24 March 2018 : Laboratory Research  

β-Arrestin 1/2 Aggravates Podocyte Apoptosis of Diabetic Nephropathy via Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway

Yao Wang1ACF, Han Li2ACF, Shu-Ping Song1ACDEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905642

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR1724-1732

Abstract

BACKGROUND: β-arrestins have been shown to play a critical role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Nevertheless, the potential mechanism of β-arrestins on the regulation of podocyte apoptosis has rarely been discussed. This study aimed to elucidate the regulation of β-arrestin 1/2 on podocyte apoptosis through the Wnt/b-catenin pathway.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study structured β-arrestin 1/2 down-regulated and up-regulated expression by plasmid transfection. The protein levels were detected with Western blotting, and mRNA expression was detected with RT-qPCR. The apoptotic cells were measured by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: β-arrestin 1/2 expression levels of podocytes were up-regulated in high-glucose-induced podocytes. β-arrestin 1/2 overexpression inhibited the expression of nephrin and podocin protein. Up-regulated β-arrestin 1/2 promoted podocyte apoptosis and p53 pathway by increasing Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and p-p53 levels in high-glucose-induced podocytes. Flow cytometry showed that the apoptotic cells were markedly higher in the b-arrestin 1/2 up-regulated group compared with the scramble group. Expression of β-catenin was increased in the β-arrestin 1/2 up-regulated group, which indicated that the Wnt/b-catenin pathway was activated. Wnt/b-catenin pathway inhibitor (Dkk1) distinctly suppressed the apoptosis induced by β-arrestin 1/2 overexpression and high glucose.

CONCLUSIONS: These results provide a molecular pathomechanism of β-arrestin 1/2 and Wnt/β-catenin pathway on podocyte apoptosis and provide new ideas for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, which paves the way for the future study of diabetic nephropathy and podocytes.

Keywords: Diabetic Nephropathies, Podocytes, Wnt Signaling Pathway

0 Comments

Editorial

01 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935299

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

26 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

25 November 2021 : Clinical Research  

Use of Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy for Treatment of Mild to Moderate COVID-19 in 4 Patients with Rheumato...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934267

In Press

29 Nov 2021 : Database Analysis  

Integrated Analysis of Angiogenesis-Mediated Tumor Immune Microenvironment Pattern in Hepatocellular Carcin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934937  

26 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Serum Uric Acid Levels in Relation to Atrial Fibrillation: A Case-Control Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934007  

26 Nov 2021 : Database Analysis  

Network Pharmacology Integrated Molecular Docking Revealed the Mechanism of Jianpi Yiqi Taohua Decoction Ag...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933537  

26 Nov 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750