Brain Natriuretic Peptide-Regulated Expression of Inflammatory Cytokines in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-Activated Macrophages via NF-κB and Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) Pathways
Xiong Li, Hao Peng, Jiongxing Wu, Yangcheng Xu
(Department of Burns, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:3119-3126
This study aimed to investigate the effects of recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) on IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 secretion in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vitro and to explore the related signaling pathways of the regulation mechanisms of BNP in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: MTT assay was used to evaluate the effects of rhBNP on cell viabilities. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce inflammation response. The whole study was divided into 8 groups: Control, low, middle, and high concentrations of rhBNP, LPS, LPS with low, middle, and high concentrations of rhBNP. Levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 were evaluated using the Cytometric Bead Array Kit and RT-PCR assay. Western blotting was used to test the effects of rhBNP on inflammation-related NF-kB and MAPK pathways.
RESULTS: Except for the concentrations ≥1.6 ng/mL, all concentrations of rhBNP showed little effect on cell viabilities of RAW264.7 cells and PBMCs after 24 h and 48 h, suggesting a weak cytotoxicity to cells. Expression of IL-6 and TNF-α significantly increased and expression of IL-10 significantly decreased at protein and mRNA levels after LPS treatment, and these effects were strongly inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by pretreatment of rhBNP. Similarly, the LPS-induced increase of NF-kB and MAPK pathway phosphorylation levels were also significantly inhibited by rhBNP.
CONCLUSIONS: rhBNP can regulate expression of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells and PBMCs through inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK pathways. These results may reveal potential causes of the increase of BNP in SIRS and may provide an experimental basis for treatment of SIRS.
Keywords: Macrophage Activation, Natriuretic Peptide, Brain, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome