14 July 2017 : Animal Research
Effects of an Enriched Extract of Paeoniflorin, a Monoterpene Glycoside used in Chinese Herbal Medicine, on Cholesterol Metabolism in a Hyperlipidemic Rat ModelHuiming Hu123ABCDEF, Qiaoqiao Zhu4BCE, Jie Su1AE, Yajun Wu1DE, Yanchen Zhu2CEF, Yin Wang5BC, Hui Fang5DF, Minxia Pang1DF, Bo Li1CE, Suhong Chen34ADEF*, Guiyuan Lv1AEG
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3412-3427
BACKGROUND: Paeoniflorin is a monoterpene glycoside extracted from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora and is used in Chinese herbal medicine to treat hyperlipidemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an enriched extract of paeoniflorin on cholesterol levels, hemodynamics, and oxidative stress in a hyperlipidemic rat model.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed high-cholesterol diets and treated with three different doses of paeoniflorin for 12 weeks. The effects of paeoniflorin treatment were assessed on cholesterol levels, cholesterol metabolism, red blood cell vascular flow using hemorheology, antioxidant enzymes, and expression of the rate-limiting enzyme in the mevalonate pathway, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutharyl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoAR). Rat liver histology and immunohistochemical analysis were performed to evaluate the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2–related factor 2 (Nrf2), cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)-α. Protein expression HMG-CoAR, low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), PPAR-α and CYP7A1 was measured by Western blotting. Antioxidant activity in rat liver was determined by measuring superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA).
RESULTS: Serum and hepatic cholesterol, hepatic steatosis and the products of cholesterol metabolism were reduced by paeoniflorin treatment, which also reduced the activity of HMG-CoAR and upregulated the expression of LDLR, PPAR-α, and CYP7A1 expression, increased SOD, decreased MDA, and upregulated Nrf2 expression.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study in a rat model of hyperlipidemia have shown that paeoniflorin regulates hepatic cholesterol synthesis and metabolism and may also protect the liver from oxidative stress.
Keywords: Cholesterol, Diet, High-Fat, Hemorheology, Hyperlipidemias, Oxidative Stress
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