The Risk Factors that Can Increase Possibility of Mandibular Canal Wall Damage in Adult: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) Study in a Chinese Population
Yafei Chen, Jiyuan Liu, Jun Pei, Yuanyuan Liu, Jian Pan
State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:26-36
The objective of this study was to analyze the factors that can increase the possibility of mandibular canal (MC) defect in Chinese people, to evaluate the risk of nerve impairment, and to choose the proper operative method to reduce the risk of mandibular alveolar nerve injury during the extraction of mandibular third molar (MTM).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 954 patients (1,304 MTMs) who underwent orthopantomography (OPG) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) between July 2014 and December 2014 were included in this study. The age and gender of patients, impacted type (high impaction, moderate impaction, and low impaction), Winter classification of MTM, position of MTM relative to MC, vertical classification of MTM and MC, and the feature images of OPG were collected and compared to the imperfection of the MC wall in CBCT images.
RESULTS: The wall situation of MC was significantly correlated with the age of the patient, the depth of the molar, the position of the roots, and six imaging appearances on OPG. There was no significant difference based on gender.
CONCLUSIONS: Most incomplete walls of MCs could be inferred by OPG. However, images based on CBCT could clarify the defect of the MC and also could clearly display the spatial relationship between the root and inferior alveolar canal.
Keywords: Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Mandibular Nerve, Molar, Third, Radiography, Panoramic