Construction and Comprehensive Analysis for Dysregulated Long Non-Coding RNA (lncRNA)-Associated Competing Endogenous RNA (ceRNA) Network in Gastric Cancer
Fengxi Li, Chuiguo Huang, Qian Li, Xianghua Wu
Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:37-49
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is a kind of non-coding RNA with transcripts more than 200 bp in length. LncRNA can interact with the miRNA as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to regulate the expression of target genes, which play a significant role in the initiation and progression of tumors. In this study, we explored the functional roles and regulatory mechanisms of lncRNAs as ceRNAs in gastric cancer, and their potential implications for prognosis.
The lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs expression profiles of 375 gastric cancer tissues and 32 non-tumor gastric tissues were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differential expression of RNAs was identified using the DESeq package. Survival analysis was estimated based on Kaplan-Meier curve analysis. KEGG pathway analysis was performed using KOBAS 3.0. The dysregulated lncRNA-associated ceRNA network was constructed in gastric cancer based on bioinformatics generated from miRcode and miRTarBase.
A total of 237 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 198 miRNAs between gastric cancer and matched normal tissues were screened in our study with thresholds of |log2FC| >2 and adjusted P value <0.01. Eleven discriminatively expressed lncRNAs may be correlated with tumorigenesis of gastric cancer. Seven out of 11 dysregulated lncRNA were found to be significantly associated with overall survival in gastric cancer (P value <0.05). The newly identified ceRNA network includes 11 gastric cancer-specific lncRNAs, 9 miRNAs, and 41 mRNAs.
Collectively, our study will contribute to improving the understanding of the lncRNA-associated ceRNA network regulatory mechanisms in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer and provide and identify novel lncRNAs as candidate prognostic biomarkers or potential therapeutic targets.
Keywords: RNA, Long Noncoding, Stomach Neoplasms