12 August 2017 : Laboratory Research
Resistin-Like Molecule Beta (RELM-β) Regulates Proliferation of Human Diabetic Nephropathy Mesangial Cells via Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases (MAPK) Signaling PathwayYun-Qian Wang1AEFG*, Cong-Cong Fan2CDE, Bao-Ping Chen1CF, Jun Shi1DE
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3897-3903
BACKGROUND: Resistin-like molecule beta (RELM-β) has been reported to be associated with diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the role of RELM-β in DN is poorly understood. This study was conducted to delineate the underlying mechanisms of action and to investigate the role of RELM-β in the primitive development of DN via MAPK signaling pathways.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lentivirus-mediated vectors and RNAi technology were used to establish the model of RELM-β up-regulated and down-regulated expression in human mesangial cells (HMCs). The proliferation of HMCs was detected through CCK-8 method. The cell cycle and cell proliferation of HMCs was detected through flow cytometry. The MAPKs pathway protein activity was detected through Western blotting.
RESULTS: The HMCs with up-regulated and down-regulated expression of RELM-β increased or decreased significantly at 2–3 days. The HMCs with high glucose intervention reversed the proliferation inhibition. The HMCs with exogenous glucose or RELM-β protein intervention partially reversed the cell cycle inhibition. Among the MAPKs pathway, the phosphorylation activity of p38MAPK and JNK increased or decreased and ERK1/2 did not change in the overexpression or inhibition of RELM-β. The p38 MAPK pathway inhibitor SB202190 significantly inhibited the proliferation of HMCs caused by overexpression of RELM-β. Up-regulated expression of RELM-b induced the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, JNK in HMCs and promoted HMCs proliferation and participated in early DN through the MAPKs pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence that RELM-b is a potential molecular target for the treatment of DN.
Keywords: Diabetic Nephropathies, mesangial cells, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624
03 December 2021 : Laboratory ResearchInfluenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
01 November 2021 : EditorialEditorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems Duri...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299
06 Dec 2021 : Animal ResearchAstragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830
06 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchAlteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117
06 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchBody Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Ce...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700