Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

16 May 2018 : Animal Research  

Lipopolysaccharide Exposure Alleviates Asthma in Mice by Regulating Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 Balance

Fengxia Ding1ABCDE, Zhou Fu1ABCDE*, Bo Liu2ABCDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905202

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS3220-3229

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is generally believed that endotoxin exposure exacerbates risk of developing asthmatic symptoms. However, recent studies have indicated that prior bacterial exposure may prevent future symptoms of asthma. Here, we evaluated the influence of pre-exposure to different concentrations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to subsequent ovalbumin (OVA) allergen sensitization and challenge.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four-week-old Balb/c mice were treated intranasally with varying concentrations of LPS (1 ug, 10 ug, and 100 ug) or sterile PBS for 10 days, then 2 weeks later they were exposed to OVA. Both the molecular and functional airway responses to OVA administration were assessed following prior exposure to different doses of LPS or controls. Additionally, the Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 balance was measured.

RESULTS: Airway responsiveness and immune cell recruitment in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BALF) were decreased in animals exposed to a low dose of LPS (1 ug) treatment compared with the asthma group. Moderate-dose (10 ug) and high-dose (100 ug) LPS administration showed no differences from controls. Further, low-dose LPS (1 ug) exposure was associated with increased Th1 cytokines, T-bet, Treg cytokine (IL-10, TGF-β), and Foxp3 expression, but decreased Th2 cytokines (IL-4,5,13), GATA3, Th17, and ROR-gt expression compared with the asthma group. Finally, higher numbers of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+Treg cells, and CD4+INF-γ+T cells, and lower CD4+IL-4+T cells and CD4+IL-17+T cells were observed in the low-dose LPS-treated groups compared to controls.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that prior exposure to low doses of LPS may protect from OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and histopathologic changes through regulation of the Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 balance.

Keywords: Anti-Asthmatic Agents, Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte, Endotoxins

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

03 December 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

03 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Single-Center Study of 23 Patients to Compare Gait Before and After Total Hip Arthroplasty ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934558  

03 Dec 2021 : Laboratory Research  

Influenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862  

02 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Outcomes Following Neuronavigation-Assisted Aspiration and Thrombolysis Using Single and Mult...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934935  

02 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Serum Levels of N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Gestational Hypertension, Mild Preeclampsia, an...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934285  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750