Agnieszka Surowiecka-Pastewka, Wojciech Witkowski, Marek Kawecki
Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:1894-1901
There are few triage methods based on patient age and extent of burn. However, in case of mass casualties, age might be hard to define. Burn segregation in mass-casualty accidents requires an easy, fast, and effective method. Triage in burns should also segregate casualties requiring treatment in burn centers. The aim of this study was to create a proprietary segregation algorithm dedicated to mass-casualty incidents.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 939 burned patients admitted to the Clinical Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Military Institute of Medicine (MIM) in Warsaw and to the Center for the Treatment of Burns (CTB) in Siemianowice Śląskie in 2012 and 2013 was performed. The aim was to reveal which early factors could be used during segregation of burn victims in mass-casualty incidents on the battlefield and in civilian circumstances. Only easy and quick-to-evaluate factors that can be examined without medical equipment and laboratory tests were used in creating the proprietary triage algorithm.
RESULTS: As a result of our study, we created an algorithm for fast triage in mass-casualty situations. The algorithm is based on parameters that can be easily evaluated without additional equipment. To create the algorithm, we used factors that had the strongest impact on mortality prediction in severely burned patients, in multifactor analysis: advanced age (p<0.001. OR=1.04), extent of the deep burn (p<0.001. OR=1.1), and low systolic arterial pressure (p<0.001. OR=0.96).
CONCLUSIONS: The FTB (Fast Triage in Burns) algorithm is a new triage method dedicated for massive burn events in civilian circumstances. The FTB algorithm is a simple, quick, and credible means of segregating burn victims. The algorithm is dedicated to use in pre-hospital care, during mass-casualty events both in civilian and battlefield circumstances. The aim is to be able to evaluate burn victims immediately, without access to medical equipment or additional tests and to evaluate indications for burn center care. It is a unique method designed to be used during segregation in isolated burn mass-casualty incidents.
Keywords: Burns, First Aid, mass casualty incidents, Triage