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Effects of Carnosine (Beta-Alanyl-L-Histidine) in an Experimental Rat Model of Acute Kidney Injury Due to Septic Shock

Sabiha Sahin, Dilek Burukoglu Donmez

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24:305-316

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905181

Available online:

Published: 2018-01-15

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the human intensive care unit (ICU). Kidney function and the histological findings of AKI were investigated in an experimental rat model with sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and compared with and without treatment with carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups consisting eight rats in each: Group 1 – control; Group 2 – septic shock; and Group 3 – septic shock treated with carnosine. Femoral vein and artery catheterization were applied in all rats. Rats in Group 1 underwent laparotomy and catheterization. The other two groups with septic shock underwent laparotomy, CLP, catheterization, and bladder cannulation. Rats in Group 3 received an intraperitoneal (IP) injection of 250 mg/kg carnosine, 60 min following CLP. Rats were monitored for blood pressure, pulse rate, and body temperature to assess responses to postoperative sepsis, and 10 mL/kg saline replacement was administered. Twenty-four hours following CLP, rats were sacrificed, and blood and renal tissue samples were collected.
RESULTS: Statistically significant improvements were observed in kidney function, tissue and serum malondialdehyde levels, routine blood values, biochemical indices, and in histopathological findings in rats in Group 3 who were treated with carnosine, compared with Group 2 exposed to septic shock without carnosine treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) has been shown to have beneficial effects in reducing AKI due to septic shock in a rat model of septicemia.

Keywords: acute kidney injury, carnosine, Shock, Septic