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12 January 2018 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Multislice Spiral Computed Tomography Perfusion Imaging for the Efficacy of Preoperative Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Middle-aged and Elderly Patients with Locally Advanced Gastric Cancer

Jian-Xiao Liang1AF*, Xiu-Juan Bi1BE, Xiao-Mei Li2CE, Zhen-Li Gao1BC, Feng Suo1E, En-Gang Cui1D, Hong-Fu Li1FG, Hai-Lian Lv3E

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.905143

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR235-245

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of multislice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) perfusion imaging for the efficacy of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in middle-aged and elderly patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred twenty-six middle-aged and elderly patients with LAGC were selected. MSCT was performed before and after CCRT to obtain perfusion parameters: blood flow volume (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT), and permeability surface (PS). After CCRT, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), patients were categorized into the effective group and the ineffective group. Overall survival rate was measured by Kaplan-Meier analysis. ROC curve was applied to evaluate the predictive value of perfusion parameters. Multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to analyze the association of perfusion parameters with the efficacy of preoperative treatment.

RESULTS: Tumor volume reduction rates of the effective and ineffective groups were 59.23±8.53% and 10.41±3.36%. BF, BV, and PS values in the effective group were significantly decreased after CCRT. ROC curves indicated high sensitivities and specificities of BF value (79.00%, 73.44%), BV value (71.00%, 75.00%), and PS value (82.30%, 90.63%). The incidence rate of weakness and anorexia in the effective group was much higher than that in the ineffective group. Patients with low BF, BV, and PS values (less their optimal cutoff values) had longer survival times than these with high BF, BV, and PS values.

CONCLUSIONS: MSCT might have predictive values for the efficacy of preoperative CCRT in the treatment of LAGC.

Keywords: chemoradiotherapy, multidetector computed tomography, perfusion imaging, Self Efficacy, Stomach Neoplasms

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750