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23 May 2017 : Clinical Research

Effect of Short Message Service on Management of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Anhui Province, China: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study

Xue-Hui Fang1BCF, Shi-Yang Guan2EF, Li Tang1B, Fang-Biao Tao3E, Zheng Zou1BC, Ji-Xiang Wang1B, Xiao-Hong Kan1B, Quan-Zhi Wang4B, Zhi-Ping Zhang5B, Hong Cao6B, Dong-Chun Ma1DG*, Hai-Feng Pan2A

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2465-2469

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To explore the significance of short message service (SMS) on the management of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in reinforcing the treatment adherence and health awareness, and provide scientific evidences for popularizing this model and formulating related polices and measures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six counties (districts) were selected by stratified cluster sampling method, and randomly divided into control group and intervention group. Pulmonary TB patients eligible to the study criteria were included in the study. SMS management and regular education of core knowledge about pulmonary TB were carried out in SMS group patients. The conventional directly observed therapy (DOT) was carried out in control group. Data was collected by questionnaire method.

RESULTS: A total of 350 patients were included in the study, including 160 cases in the SMS group and 190 cases in the control group. There were 270 males (77.1%) and 80 females (22.9%). The treatment completion rate in SMS group (96.25%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (86.84%) (χ²=9.52, P=0.002). Both the interrupted treatment rate and the missed dose rate in the SMS group were significantly lower than those in the control group (χ²=10.41, P=0.001; χ²=28.54, P<0.001). After a period of treatment, the reexamination rate of SMS group patients was significantly higher than that in control group (except the reexamination rate after 5 months treatment).

CONCLUSIONS: The management of pulmonary TB patients by SMS can effectively reinforce the completed treatment rate of pulmonary TB patients and reduce their missed dose rate and interrupted treatment rate, and further enhance their reexamination awareness. Therefore, SMS on the management of patients may be a new promising therapeutic strategy for pulmonary TB.

Keywords: Directly Observed Therapy, Patient Compliance, Text Messaging, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary

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