Comparison of Return to Pre-Injury Sport After 10 mm Size Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone (BPTB) versus 8 mm Hamstring Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Retrospective Study with a Two-Year Follow-Up
Rimtautas Gudas, Rokas Jurkonis, Alfredas Smailys
Institute of Sports, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR987-996
Available online: 2018-02-17
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with 10 mm diameter BPTB (bone-patellar tendon-bone) autograft versus 8 mm HT (hamstring tendon) autografts, to compare the ability to restore pre-injury sports activities and reduce revision risk after these procedures.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective clinical review was performed to compare results of patients who underwent primary anatomical ACLR with 10 mm BPTB autografts with patients who underwent 8 mm diameter HT autografts, between January 2011 and January 2014.
RESULTS: There were 183 patients evaluated: the 8 mm HT group showed statistically significant higher knee laxity values compared to the 10 mm BPTB group (p=0.042), and significant difference were detected in subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) evaluation scores; the average subjective IKDC evaluations after two-year follow-up in the HT group was 88.45±2.8 versus 89.24±2.5 in BPTB group (p=0.047). In the evaluation of the IKDC objective protocol, results were excellent and good in 83 patients (94.3%) after BPTB and in 78 patients (82%) after HT ACLR (p<0.05). The average score on the Tegner activity scale in the HT group decreased from 6.5 at pre-injury to 5.8 at two-year follow-up (p<0.001) and from 6.7 at pre-injury to 6.5 at two-year follow-up in the BPTB group (p=0.4). The ability to restore pre-injury sports activities was higher in the BPTB group (6.5) versus the HT group (5.8) (p<0.001). Revision was required for two patients (2.2%) in the BPTB group compared with 14 patients (14.7%) in the HT group (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Smaller HT graft size was a predictor of higher knee laxity and greater revision risk at two-year post primary ACL reconstruction. Larger diameter BPTB ACL grafts had a better ability to restore knee stability and greater ability to restore pre-injury sports activities.
Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Arthroscopy, Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Grafts