HLA-B27 Correlates with the Intracellular Elimination, Replication, and Trafficking of Salmonella Enteritidis Collected from Reactive Arthritis Patients
Yi Zhao, Honghu Tang, Chunyu Tan, Hua Zhao, Yi Liu
Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5420-5429
The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between HLA-B27 and the intracellular elimination, replication, and trafficking of Salmonella enteritidis (S. enteritidis) collected from patients with reactive arthritis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Confocal microscopy, flow cytometry, and sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were employed in this study to evaluate the localization of proteins of interest, to assess the intracellular trafficking of S. enteritidis, and to measure the production of cytokines of interest.
RESULTS: HLA-B27 was negatively associated with intracellular S. enteritidis elimination in healthy human monocytes/macrophages. In S. enteritidis infected monocytes/macrophages, HLA-27B was also negatively correlated with bacteria elimination but positively related to bacteria replication. S. enteritidis did not co-localize with NRAMP1 and LAMP1/2 in HLA-B27 cells. S. enteritidis did not co-exist with transferrin or dextran within HLA-B27 and A2 cells.
CONCLUSIONS: HLA-B27 is closely associated with the intracellular elimination and replication of S. enteritidis. Replicated bacteria in HLA-B27 monocytic cells were located within unique vacuoles rather than disturbing host endocytosis.
Keywords: Arthritis, Reactive, Cytokines, HLA-B27 Antigen, Monocytes