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08 June 2017 : Clinical Research

Retrospective Study to Compare Selective Decongestive Devascularization and Gastrosplenic Shunt versus Splenectomy with Pericardial Devascularization for the Treatment of Patients with Esophagogastric Varices Due to Cirrhotic Portal Hypertension

Haili Bao1ABDE, Qikuan He1BCDE, Ninggao Dai1BC, Ruifan Ye1BC, Qiyu Zhang1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904660

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2788-2795

Abstract

BACKGROUND: For patients with esophagogastric varices secondary to portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis, portosystemic shunts and devascularization have become the most commonly used treatment methods. We have developed a novel surgical approach for the treatment of patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension, selective decongestive devascularization, and shunt of the gastrosplenic region (SDDS-GSR). This aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of SDDS-GSR with splenectomy with pericardial devascularization (SPD).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken between 2006 and 2013 and included 110 patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension, 34 of whom underwent SDDS-GSR; 76 patients underwent SPD. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate clinical outcomes, mortality, the incidence of re-bleeding, encephalopathy, and portal venous system thrombosis (PVST).

RESULTS: Postoperatively portal venous pressure decreased by 20% in both groups. The long-term incidence of re-bleeding and PVST was significantly lower in the SDDS-GSR group compared with the SPD group (P=0.018 and P=0.039, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary retrospective study has shown that SDDS-GSR was an effective treatment for patients with esophagogastric varices secondary to portal hypertension that may be used as a first-line treatment to prevent variceal bleeding and lower the incidence of PVST.

Keywords: Hypertension, Portal, Liver Cirrhosis, Postoperative Complications, Splenorenal Shunt, Surgical

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750