Protective Effect of Pinitol Against Inflammatory Mediators of Rheumatoid Arthritis via Inhibition of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Non-Receptor Type 22 (PTPN22)
Kewen Zheng, Zhixuan Zhao, Na Lin, Yiyan Wu, Ying Xu, Wanli Zhang
Department of Orthopeadic Surgery, Hongqi Hospital affiliated to Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:1923-1932
Available online: 2017-04-21
The aim of the current study was to explore the anti-arthritic effect of pinitol via assessing its effect on various inflammatory mediators and its possible mechanism of action.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed the anti-arthritic effect of pinitol in a formaldehyde- and CFA-induced arthritic model in Wistar Swiss albino strain rats divided into 6 groups. The rats received different doses of pinitol and indomethacin for 28 days. The arthritic index and body weight were determined at regular intervals, together with hepatic, hematological, and antioxidant parameters. The expression of proinflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β) and inflammatory mediators (e.g., COX-2 and VEGF) were also estimated with histopathological evaluation of the joint tissue of rats. A docking study of pinitol with PTPN22 was also carried out.
RESULTS: The CFA-induced model rats developed redness and nodules in the tail and front paws, and the arthritic control (AC) group rats showed similar symptoms, which were decreased by pinitol administration. The body weight of AC group rats was decreased, while pinitol-treated rats showed considerably increased body weight. Hematological, hepatic, and antioxidant parameters were altered by pinitol in a dose-dependent manner. Pinitol significantly decreased the elevated concentration of proinflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators, with improvement in histopathological condition. The docking study suggested that pinitol efficiently interacted with PTPN22 via Arg59, Tyr60, Leu106, and Lys138 by creating close interatomic hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic contacts.
CONCLUSIONS: Pinitol showed anti-arthritic effects via reduction of proinflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators via inhibition of PTPN22.
Keywords: Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Molecular Docking Simulation, plant development