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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Low-Dose Scanning Technology Combined with Low-Concentration Contrast Material in Renal Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA): A Preliminary Study

Sulan Liu, Wei Li, Hao Shi, Huaqiang Sheng, Jingli Fan, Jingzhen He, Hongjun Sun

Department of Medical Imaging, Qianfoshan Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4351-4359

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902917

Available online: 2017-09-09

Published: 2017-09-09


BACKGROUND: This study is to investigate the feasibility of low iodine concentration contrast material (CM) combined with low tube voltage and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) in renal computed tomography angiography (CTA).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 136 patients were enrolled in this prospective trial, and randomly divided into two groups: group A (n=68) and group B (n=68). Group A received 120-kVp and iopromide (370 mg/mL) with filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction, and group B received 100-kVp and iodixanol (270 mg/mL) with ASIR 40% (ASIR40). An equal iodine dose (300 mg/kg body weight) and the same iodine delivery rate (1,500 mg I/s) were given to all patients. Density, image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured, and the image quality and visualization of renal arteries were scored. Dose-length product (DLP) and CT dose index volume (CTDIvol) were recorded, and effective doses (ED) were calculated.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in image noise between groups A and B (p>0.05). The vessel attenuation, SNR, and CNR were significantly higher in group B than group A (all p<0.05). The subjective image quality and visualization of renal artery branches were similar in these two groups (p>0.05). Compared with group A, the CTDIvol, DLP, and ED in group B were decreased by 38.58%, 37.24%, and 37.24%, respectively (p=0.000).
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with 120-kVp with FBP reconstruction, the protocol of 100-kVp with ASIRP40 reconstruction provided high-quality renal CTA results, which allowed for reduced iodine concentration and decreased radiation dose.

Keywords: Angiography, Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography, Microscopy, Acoustic