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eISSN: 1643-3750

Aberrant Promoter Methylation of PCDH17 (Protocadherin 17) in Serum and its Clinical Significance in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Ying-Li Lin, Yun-Peng Wang, Hong-Zhao Li, Xu Zhang

Department of Urology, Chinese PLA General Hospital/Chinese PLA Medical School, Beijing, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:3318-3323

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.902077

Available online:

Published: 2017-07-08

BACKGROUND: Current studies indicated that PCDH17 functions as a tumor suppressor, which is frequently inactivated by aberrant promoter methylation in urologic tumors. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the methylation status of PCDH17 in serum and its clinical significance in renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The methylation status of PCDH17 in serum samples of 142 RCC patients and 34 controls was evaluated by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Then we correlated PCDH17 methylation status with the clinicopathologic features of RCC patients and patient outcomes.
RESULTS: We found that PCDH17 was more frequently methylated in RCC patients than in controls. Moreover, PCDH17 methylation in serum was significantly correlated with advanced stage (p=0.044), higher grade (p=0.019), lymph node metastasis (p=0.008) and tumor progression (p<0.001). In addition, patients with methylated PCDH17 had shorter progression-free survival (p<0.001) and overall survival (p=0.017) than patients without, and PCDH17 methylation in serum was an independent prognostic factor for worse progression-free survival (HR: 4.215, 95% CI: 1.376–9.032, p<0.001) and overall survival (HR: 5.092, 95% CI: 1.149–12.357, p=0.046) of patients with RCC.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that PCDH17 methylation in serum is a frequent event in RCC and associated with risk factors of poor outcomes. Moreover, PCDH17 methylation in serum is a potential prognostic biomarker for patients with RCC after surgery.

Keywords: Biological Markers, Carcinoma, Renal Cell, DNA Methylation