Observation and Clinical Pattern in Patients with White Dot Syndromes: The Role of Color Photography in Monitoring Ocular Changes in Long-Term Observation
Joanna Brydak-Godowska, Joanna Gołębiewska, Monika Turczyńska, Joanna Moneta-Wielgoś, Agnieszka Samsel, Piotr K. Borkowski, Michał Ciszek, Agnieszka Płonecka-Rodzoch, Aleksandra Kużnik-Borkowska, Joanna Ciszewska, Elżbieta Makomaska-Szaroszyk, Lidia B. Brydak, Dariusz Kęcik
Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:1106-1115
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical course and distinctive features of different white dot syndromes (WDS) in patients attending the Ophthalmology Department, Medical University of Warsaw in the years 1995–2015.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-two (62) patients (43 females and 19 males), aged 18 to 77 years, referred with a WDS were included in this prospective study, with observation period ranging from 5 months to 16 years. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination and multimodal imaging studies.
RESULTS: In this cohort of 62 patients, the following WDS entities were identified: multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis (MFCPU), multifocal choroiditis (MFC), punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC), birdshot, acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE), subretinal fibrosis and uveitis, multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS), serpiginous choroiditis, and single cases of acute annular outer retinopathy (AAOR).
CONCLUSIONS: The study was performed at a Polish referral center and may to some extent reflect the varied geographical distribution of white dot syndromes, as none of the subjects was found to suffer from acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR), acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN), or diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN). Long-term follow-up is warranted by the evolution of lesions in the eye fundus, while management depends on correct diagnosis of WDS. When the posterior pole is involved in some cases of the WDS an immunosuppressive treatment, the use of the PDT or anti-VEGF injections were necessary.
Keywords: Autoimmune Diseases, Follow-Up Studies, Immunosuppressive Agents, Photography, uveitis, Virus Diseases