Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

19 April 2017 : Laboratory Research  

Insulin Growth Factor 1 Protects Neural Stem Cells Against Apoptosis Induced by Hypoxia Through Akt/Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (Akt/MAPK/ERK) Pathway in Hypoxia-Ishchemic Encephalopathy

Bing Zhao1BCEF, Zebao Zheng1ADEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.901055

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:1872-1879

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is reported to modulate cell growth and acts as potential therapy for traumatic brain injury. This study was designed to investigate the effect of IGF-1 on hypoxia-induced apoptosis in neural stem cells (NSCs).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A hypoxia model was constructed using NSCs separated from the hippocampus of rat. NSCs were divided into four groups: cells under normoxic conditions that acted as controls (C group), cells under hypoxia (H group), cells under hypoxia with IGF-1 (HI group), and cells under hypoxia with IGF-1 as well as picropodophyllin (PPP), which acts as an inhibitor of the IGF-1 receptor (HIP group). The cell viability and apoptosis were respectively measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry. Finally, the phosphorylation levels of apoptosis-associated proteins and key kinases in the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and the mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) pathways were detected by Western blot analysis.

RESULTS: In comparison with the H group, the cell viability was increased while the cell apoptosis was reduced by IGF-1 in the HI group. Besides, the expression levels of Bax, cytochrome c, and activated caspase-3 were all improved in the H group, and the remarkable differences were eliminated in the HI group compared with the C group. The expression level of Bcl-2 was the opposite. Additionally, down-regulations of phosphorylated AKT, MAPK, and ERK induced by hypoxia were all improved by IGF-1. All the influences of IGF-1 were weakened by addition of PPP.

CONCLUSIONS: IGF-1 increased cell viability while decreasing apoptosis in hypoxic NSCs through the PI3K/AKT and MAPK/ERK pathways.

Keywords: Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1, MAP kinases, neural stem cells, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases

0 Comments

Editorial

01 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935299

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

26 November 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

08 November 2021 : Database Analysis  

Virtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

25 November 2021 : Clinical Research  

Use of Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy for Treatment of Mild to Moderate COVID-19 in 4 Patients with Rheumato...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934267

In Press

26 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Serum Uric Acid Levels in Relation to Atrial Fibrillation: A Case-Control Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934007  

26 Nov 2021 : Database Analysis  

Network Pharmacology Integrated Molecular Docking Revealed the Mechanism of Jianpi Yiqi Taohua Decoction Ag...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933537  

26 Nov 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624  

26 Nov 2021 : Review article  

A Review of Circulating Tumor DNA in the Diagnosis and Monitoring of Esophageal Cancer

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934106  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article  

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750