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05 August 2016 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Chronic Medical Conditions in Veterans with Multiple Sclerosis on Long-Term Disability

Meheroz H. RabadiABDEF, Christopher E. AstonACE

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.900367

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2768-2774

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The goal of this observational study was to examine the effect of common chronic medical conditions (CMCs) on long-term disability (activity limitation) in veterans already diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic charts of 124 veterans with MS who have been regularly followed in our MS clinic for 10 or more years. General linear model analysis examined whether MS-related severity as measured by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and the presence of CMCs affected long-term disability as measured by the total score on the Functional Independence Measure (TFIM).

RESULTS: Commonly encountered CMCs were increased BMI (61%), hyperlipidemia (78%), hypertension (65%), current smokers (47%), and arthritis/arthralgia (24%). Results suggest that the number of CMCs was not predictive of final TFIM scores; of the variables examined, only initial EDSS score was predictive of final TFIM scores.

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CMCs did not affect the long-term disability in veterans diagnosed with MS, this was due mainly to CMCs being closely monitored and co-treated with other medical specialties.

Keywords: Comorbidity, Disabled Persons, Multiple Sclerosis

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Editorial

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Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750