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22 June 2016 : Clinical Research  

Improvement of Glycemic Control in Insulin-Dependent Diabetics with Depression by Concomitant Treatment with Antidepressants

Jana RadojkovicABCDEF, Natasa SikanicABE, Zoran BukumiricCDE, Marijana TadicDE, Nada KosticA, Rade BabicACDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.899571

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2133-2143

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is still disputable whether negative effects of comorbid depression in diabetics can be diminished by successful treatment of depression. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether addition of antidepressants to existing insulin treatment would further improve glycemic control in these patients. A secondary objective was to assess whether such treatment impairs their lipid and inflammatory status.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total of 192 patients with poorly controlled diabetes (defined as HbA1c ≥8%) in the absence of any uncontrolled medical condition entered the 6-month run-in phase with optimization of diabetic therapy. Depression status was screened at the end of this phase by BDI-II depression testing. Patients with BDI-II ≥14 and psychiatric confirmation of depression (58 patients) entered the 6-month interventional phase with SSRI class antidepressants.

RESULTS: Fifty patients completed the study. During the run-in phase, HbA1c dropped from 10.0±1.8% to 8.5±1.2% (p<0.001), and during the interventional phase it dropped from 8.5±1.2% to 7.7±0.7% (p<0.001). BDI-II scores improved significantly from 30.4±13.2 to 23.5±11.0 (p=0.02) during the interventional phase. A positive linear correlation between improvement in depression scale and improvement in glycemic control was observed (R²=0.139, p=0.008). Lipid profile and inflammatory status did not change significantly during the interventional phase.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with poorly controlled diabetes and comorbid depression might benefit from screening and treatment of depression with SSRI antidepressants by achieving an incremental effect on glycoregulation. This therapy did not have any adverse effects on lipid profile or inflammatory status.

Keywords: Antidepressive Agents, Depression, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Risk Factors, Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750