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30 July 2016 : Clinical Research  

Post-Irradiation Bladder Syndrome After Radiotherapy of Malignant Neoplasm of Small Pelvis Organs: An Observational, Non-Interventional Clinical Study Assessing VESIcare®/Solifenacin Treatment Results

Janusz JaszczyńskiABDE, Zbigniew KojsAB, Andrzej StelmachAB, Łukasz WohadłoCDEF, Elzbieta ŁuczyńskaE, Sylwia HeinzeDE, Janusz RysD, Jerzy JakubowiczG, Piotr ChłostaAD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.899327

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2691-2698

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is explicitly indicated as one of the excluding factors in diagnosing overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). Nevertheless, symptoms of OAB such as urgent episodes, incontinence, pollakiuria, and nocturia, which are consequences of irradiation, led us to test the effectiveness of VESIcare®/Solifenacin in patients demonstrating these symptoms after radiation therapy of small pelvis organs due to malignant neoplasm.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an observatory clinical study including 300 consecutive patients with symptoms of post-irradiation bladder; 271 of those patients completed the study. The observation time was 6 months and consisted of 3 consecutive visits taking place at 12-week intervals. We used VESIcare® at a dose of 5 mg a day. Every sixth patient was examined urodynamically at the beginning and at the end of the observation period, with an inflow speed of 50 ml/s.

RESULTS: We noticed improvement and decline in the average number of episodes a day in the following parameters: number of micturitions a day (–36%, P<0.01), nocturia (–50%, P<0.01), urgent episodes (–41%, P<0.03), and episodes of incontinence (–43%, P<0.01). The patients’ quality of life improved. The average maximal cystometric volume increased by 34 ml (21%, p<0.01), average bladder volume of “first desire” increased by 42 ml (49%, P<0.01), and average detrusor muscle pressure at maximal cystometric volume diminished by 9 cmH2O (–36%, P<0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: The substance is well-tolerated. Solifenacin administered long-term to patients with symptoms of OAB after radiotherapy of a malignant neoplasm of the small pelvis organs has a daily impact in decreasing number of urgent episodes, incontinence, pollakiuria, and nocturia.

Keywords: Muscarinic Antagonists, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, Urodynamics

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750