Targeted Silencing of S100A8 Gene by miR-24 to Increase Chemotherapy Sensitivity of Endometrial Carcinoma Cells to Paclitaxel
Bin Lang, Chao Shang, Lirong Meng
(School of Health Sciences, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:1953-1958
The objective of this study was to determine whether miR-24 can regulate malignant proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity of EC cells by targeted silencing of the S100 Calcium Binding Protein A8 (S100A8) gene.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression of miR-24 in EC tissues was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The proliferation ability and chemotherapy sensitivity were analyzed by MTT assay. Bioinformatics software was used to predict some potential target genes of miR-24. Luciferase activity assay was used to verify the relationship between target genes and miR-24. S100A8 protein expression was detected by Western blot analysis.
RESULTS: The low expression of miR-24 in EC tissues compared with normal control tissues suggests miR-24 might play a role in tumorigenesis of EC. EC HEC-1A cells were transfected with miR-24 agonist (agomiR-24) to up-regulate the expression of miR-24. Up-regulation of miR-24 inhibited the cell proliferation and advanced the chemotherapy sensitivity to paclitaxel in HEC-1A cells significantly. We used several types of bioinformatic software to predict that miR-24 could specifically combine with the 3’ untranslated region (3’UTR) of the S100A8 gene, and this prediction was verified by Western blot and luciferase activities assay. The regulation effects of miR-24 enhancement on cell proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity were largely reversed by S100A8 up-regulation.
CONCLUSIONS: miR-24 acts as a tumor-suppressing gene to inhibit malignant proliferation and advance chemotherapy sensitivity to paclitaxel in EC by targeted silencing of the S100A8 gene.
Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents, Endometrial Neoplasms, paclitaxel