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eISSN: 1643-3750

Oxidative DNA Damage to Sperm Cells and Peripheral Blood Leukocytes in Infertile Men

Kerem Taken, Hamit Hakan Alp, Recep Eryilmaz, Muhammet Irfan Donmez, Murat Demir, Mustafa Gunes, Rahmi Aslan, Mehmet Ramazan Sekeroglu

(Department of Urology, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey)

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4289-4296

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898631

Published: 2016-11-11

BACKGROUND: Oxidative DNA damage is associated with male infertility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oxidative DNA damage of sperm cells and blood leukocytes and to determine the levels of MDA and NO levels in seminal and blood plasma of idiopathic infertile men.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 52 patients, including 30 infertile and 22 fertile men. MDA, NO, and 8-OHdG/106dG were estimated using spectrophotometry and high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based methods in seminal and blood plasma. The association with the sperm parameters was assessed, particularly sperm counts and motility.
RESULTS: The mean sperm concentration and sperm motility of the fertile men were significantly higher than that of the infertile men. The mean MDA and NO concentration in the seminal and blood samples of the infertile men were higher than that of fertile men. Also, the mean numbers of sperm cells and leukocytes 8-OHdG/106dG of the infertile men were significantly higher than that of fertile men (p=0.04 and p<0.001, respectively). Sperm motility and sperm count were negatively correlated with leukocyte and sperm cell 8-OHdG/106dG ratio. However, progressive motility was significantly negatively correlated with sperm cell and leukocyte 8-OHdG/106dG ratio (R=–0.357, p=0.026; R=–0.388, p=0.024, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Oxidative stress is an important factor in male infertility. Therefore, biochemical detection of 8-OHdG/106dG in sperm cells and blood leukocytes may be an additional tool in the diagnosis of male infertility.

Keywords: Case-Control Studies, Antioxidants - metabolism, Adult, DNA Damage, Humans, Infertility, Male - pathology, Leukocytes - pathology, Male, Oxidative Stress - physiology, Sperm Count, Sperm Motility - physiology, Spermatozoa - pathology, Turkey