05 November 2016 : Clinical Research
The Management of Symptomatic Cerebral Developmental Venous Anomalies: A Clinical Experience of 43 CasesXin-guang YuBCDEF, Chen WuACDE, Hui ZhangCEF, Zheng-hui SunBD, Zhi-qiang CuiBF
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4198-4204
BACKGROUND: Developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) are rare vascular diseases becoming more frequently diagnosed. Most patients with DVAs have no clinical symptoms with the exception of a few patients with epilepsy, intracranial hemorrhage, or neuro-function deficit. There is still controversy with respect to treatment strategies for symptomatic DVAs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-three cases of symptomatic DVAs from January 2006 to October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed and the imaging characteristics of DVAs by CT, MRI, and DSA and the treatment modalities for DVAs were studied.
RESULTS: Typical imaging characteristics of symptomatic DVAs were wedge or umbrella-shaped collections of dilated medullary veins converging in an enlarged subependymal or transcortical collecting vein, draining to the superficial or deep vein system. Based on location and draining vein features, symptomatic DVAs were tentatively classified into six different subtypes. Of the 43 cases, 19 were treated by surgical methods and 24 were treated conservatively.
CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that the rate of accompanying abnormalities in cases of symptomatic DVAs was high. Intracerebral hemorrhage was usually attributed to associated CMs or AVMs. The associated lesions and the branches responsible for bleeding could be resected while preserving the collecting vein as far as possible.
Keywords: Adolescent, Cerebral Hemorrhage - pathology, Cerebral Veins - pathology, Cerebrovascular Disorders - therapy, Child, Child, Preschool, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Vascular Malformations - surgery, young adult
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