Miao Feng, Lu-Xing Zhong, Zheng-Yu Zhan, Zhi-Hao Huang, Jian-Ping Xiong
Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:1101-1108
Available online: 2016-04-04
Resveratrol, a natural isolate from plant sources, has a long and important history in traditional Chinese medicine. In the present study we investigated the effect of resveratrol on human colon cancer cell lines.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used the Cell Counting kit-8 (CCK-8) for determination of colon cancer cell viability. Apoptosis induction was analyzed using the DeadEnd™ Colorimetric TUNEL System (Promega, Madison, WI, USA). The siRNA Transfection Reagent kit (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc.) was used for the administration of COX-2 silencer RNA (siRNA) into the colon cancer cells. Primer Express® software for Real-Time PCR ver. 3.0 (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA) was used to prepare the primers for RT-PCR.
RESULTS: The results revealed that exposure of colon cancer cells to resveratrol inhibited cell viability. Resveratrol exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on cell viability at 30 μM concentration after 48 h of exposure. We observed that 30-μM doses of resveratrol for 72 h led to 18, 29, and 34% reduction in the viability of HCA-17, SW480, and HT29 cells, respectively. It also significantly induced apoptosis in both of the tested carcinoma cell lines. The population of apoptotic cells in HCA-17 and SW480 cell lines after 48 h of resveratrol treatment was 59.8±4 and 67.2±4%, respectively, compared to 2.3±1% in the control cells. The colon cancer cells exposed to resveratrol showed significantly lower cyclooxygenase-2 and prostaglandin receptor expression. Treatment of colon cancer cells with the inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, indomethacin, and administration of silencer RNA for cyclooxygenase-2 also produced similar results.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that resveratrol treatment can be a promising strategy for the treatment of colon cancer.
Keywords: Cell Line, Tumor, Apoptosis - drug effects, Cell Proliferation - drug effects, Colonic Neoplasms - pathology, Cyclooxygenase 2 - metabolism, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors - pharmacology, Dinoprostone - metabolism, Indomethacin - pharmacology, Receptors, Prostaglandin - metabolism, Stilbenes - pharmacology