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eISSN: 1643-3750

Preemptive Antifungal Therapy for Febrile Neutropenic Hematological Malignancy Patients in China

Wei Yuan, Jinhai Ren, Xiaonan Guo, Xiaoling Guo, Shengxin Cai

Department of Haematology, Pingan Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4226-4232

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.897596

Available online:

Published: 2016-11-07

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency, adverse effects, and pharmacoeconomic impact of empirical and preemptive antifungal therapy for febrile neutropenic hematological malignancy patients in China.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with febrile neutropenia during hematological malignancy were randomly divided into an empirical group and a preemptive group. The preemptive antifungal treatment was initiated if patient status was confirmed by clinical manifestation, imaging diagnosis, 1-3-β-D glucan(G) testing, and galactomannan (GM) test. The treatment was ended 2 weeks later if the patient was recovered from neutropenia. Voriconazole was used as the first-line medicine. All patients received intravenous administration of voriconazole every 12 h, with an initiating dose of 400 mg, then the dose was reduced to 200 mg.
RESULTS: The overall survival rate was 97.1% and 94.6% in the empirical group and preemptive group, respectively, with no significant difference observed (χ²=1.051, P=0.305). However, the occurrence rate of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in the preemptive group was 9.2% vs. 2.2% in the empirical group. Moreover, the mortality rate due to IFD was 0.7% and 2.3% for the empirical group and preemptive group, respectively. The average duration and cost of preemptive antifungal therapy were 13.8±4.7 days and 8379.00±2253.00 RMB, respectively, which were lower than for empirical therapy. However, no significant differences were observed for incidence of adverse effects and hospital stay between the 2 groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Preemptive antifungal therapy for patients with febrile neutropenic hematological malignancy demonstrated a similar survival rate as with empirical therapy but is economically favorable in a Chinese population.

Keywords: Adult, Adolescent, Antifungal Agents - administration & dosage, China, Febrile Neutropenia - microbiology, Hematologic Neoplasms - microbiology, Mycoses - prevention & control, Survival Rate, Voriconazole - pharmacokinetics, young adult