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05 September 2016 : Clinical Research  

Effect of World Health Organization (WHO) Histological Classification on Predicting Lymph Node Metastasis and Recurrence in Early Gastric Cancer

Ji Fu LaiABE, Wen Na XuCF, Sung Hoon NohBF, Wei Qin LuAD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.897311

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:3147-3153

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) histological classification for gastric cancer is widely accepted and used. However, its impact on predicting lymph node metastasis and recurrence in early gastric cancer (EGC) is not well studied.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1987 to 2005, 2873 EGC patients with known WHO histological type who had undergone curative resection were enrolled in this study. In all, 637 well-differentiated adenocarcinomas (WD), 802 moderately-differentiated adenocarcinomas (MD), 689 poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas (PD), and 745 signet-ring cell adenocarcinomas (SRC) were identified.

RESULTS: The distribution of demographic and clinical features in early gastric cancer among WD, MD, PD, and SRC were significantly different. Lymph node metastasis was observed in 317 patients (11.0%), with the lymph node metastasis rate being 5.3%, 14.8%, 17.0%, and 6.3% in WD, MD, PD, and SRC, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that gender, tumor size, gross appearance, depth of invasion, and WHO classification were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis. Recurrence was observed in 83 patients (2.9%), with the recurrence rate being 2.2%, 4.5%, 3.0%, and 1.6% in WD, MD, PD, and SRC, respectively. Multivariate analysis confirmed that MD, elevated gross type, and lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for recurrence in EGC. MD patients showed worse disease-free survival than non-MD patients (P=0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: WHO classification is useful and necessary to evaluate during the perioperative management of EGC. Treatment strategies for EGC should be made prudently according to WHO classification, especially for MD patients.

Keywords: Disease-Free Survival, Lymph Node Excision, Lymph Nodes - pathology, Neoplasm Metastasis, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local - pathology, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Risk Factors, World Health Organization

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750