16 August 2016 : Clinical Research
A Novel Guidewire Aiming Device to Improve the Accuracy of Guidewire Insertion in Femoral Neck Fracture Surgery Using Cannulated Screw FixationWenjing YinBCDEF, Haitao XuBCDEF, Peijun XuBCDF, Tu HuBCD, Zhiquan AnAB, Changqing ZhangA, Jiagen ShengADG
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2893-2899
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to improve the accuracy of guidewire insertion in the femoral neck fracture surgery using cannulated screw fixation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A novel aiming device was designed and manufactured. Between January 2010 and June 2012, 64 femoral neck fracture patients were included into the study. All 64 patients were divided into 2 groups randomly. The aiming device was used during the operation for patients in the experimental group, but not in the control group.
RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in operative time or bleed volume between the groups (P>0.05). The frequency of guidewire drilling was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). The angle between the first cannulated screw and the central axis of the femoral neck in coronal plane and sagittal plane, and the distance between the bottom cannulated screw and the medial calcar femorale rim, were significantly smaller in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The aiming device is simple in structure and easy to use. It could help surgeons to accurately insert cannulated screw guidewires. The aiming device is suitable for broad clinical use.
Keywords: Femoral Neck Fractures - surgery, Bone Screws, Femur Neck - surgery, Fracture Fixation, Internal - methods, Surgical Instruments
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