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No Association Between Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism 56 (SNP56) in Phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) Gene and Susceptibility to Ischemic Stroke: A Meta-Analysis of 15 Studies

Xin-yong Zhang, Qi Wan, Dong-ya Zhu

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:3820-3827

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.896904

Available online:

Published: 2016-10-19

BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrated that polymorphisms in the PDE4D gene were associated with several processes involved in the occurrence of ischemic stroke (IS). The association between specific PDE4D single-nucleotide polymorphism 56 (SNP56) and IS risk was initially identified via genome-wide association studies (GWAS), although the GWAS in different populations produced inconclusive results. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to better explain the association between PDE4D SNP56 and IS risk.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science up to June 1, 2015. A fixed-effects or random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled odds ratios (ORs) based on the results from the heterogeneity tests.
RESULTS: Finally, we performed a meta-analysis of 15 studies, involving 8731 IS patients and 10,756 controls. The results showed nonsignificant association between PDE4D SNP56 and IS risk (T vs. A: OR=1.01, 95%CI=0.88–1.15, P=0.90). Similarly, in the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, no significant association was observed in Asian (T vs. A: OR=1.08, 95%CI=0.80–1.44, P=0.62) or European (T vs. A: OR=0.96, 95%CI=0.86–1.08, P=0.54) population. Moreover, funnel plots and Egger regression testing showed no evidence of publication bias.
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, current evidence suggested that PDE4D SNP56 might not be associated with an increased susceptibility to IS. However, this conclusion needs further validation by well-designed studies with large sample sizes.

Keywords: meta-analysis, Polymorphism, Genetic, Stroke