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12 January 2016 : Clinical Research  

The MTHFR C677T Polymorphism and Risk of Intracerebral Hemorrhage in a Chinese Han Population

Xin HuABCDEF, Chuanyuan TaoABDF, Zhiyi XieBD, Yunke LiBF, Jun ZhengB, Yuan FangF, Sen LinF, Hao LiAG, Chao YouAEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.896315

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:127-133


BACKGROUND: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism has been speculated to be and extensively investigated as a risk factor for various vascular diseases, including intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, results from published studies regarding the role of C677T polymorphism in ICH risk in Chinese populations were contradictory rather than conclusive.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, a total of 180 ICH patients and 180 matched controls of Chinese Han ethnicity were enrolled. The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-ligation detection reaction (PCR-LDR). A meta-analysis was conducted by combining our data with previous relevant studies in Chinese populations.

RESULTS: In our case-control study, similar allele frequency (p=0.492) and genotype distribution (p=0.748) of MTHFR C677T polymorphism were detected between ICH patients and controls. Further analysis based on hematoma location did not show a significant association. When combined with previous studies, however, C677T polymorphism was found to be significantly associated with an increased risk for ICH in Chinese populations (recessive model: OR=1.57, 95%CI=1.29–1.91). When focusing on the Han ethnicity, carriers of the TT genotype had an increased risk of ICH (recessive model: OR=1.36, 95%CI=1.05–1.75).

CONCLUSIONS: In this case-control study we did not observe that the MTHFR C677T polymorphism was associated with ICH risk in people of Chinese Han ethnicity. However, when combined with previous published studies, a significant association of C677T polymorphism with an increased risk of ICH was detected in Chinese populations, and also in the subgroup analysis focusing on Han ethnicity.

Keywords: Asian Continental Ancestry Group, Case-Control Studies, Cerebral Hemorrhage - genetics, China, Gene Frequency, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) - genetics, Odds Ratio, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Risk Factors



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Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750