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eISSN: 1643-3750

Long-Term Outcomes of Simultaneous Liver-Kidney Transplant Patients with Hepatitis B Compared to with Liver Transplant Alone

Hao Li, Ming-Qi Fan, Tong-Yi Men, Yun-Peng Wang, Tong-Hai Xing, Jun-Wei Fan, Zhi-Hai Peng, Lin Zhong

Department of General Surgery, Shanghai First People’s Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:332-340

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.895757

Available online:

Published: 2016-02-01

BACKGROUND: The number and survival rate of simultaneous liver-kidney transplant (SLKT) recipients have increased dramatically since 2002. However, the long-term effectiveness of SLKT in patients with hepatitis B is unknown.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six patients who visited the Organ Transplant Center of the Shanghai First People’s Hospital between January 2001 and May 2005 had hepatitis B virus infection and renal failure (any degree), and underwent organ transplantation: 21 patients underwent SLKT and 25 patients underwent liver transplant (LT) alone.
RESULTS: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of SLKT recipients were 90.5%, 81.0%, and 81.0%, respectively. Incidence of acute hepatic allograft rejection between SLKT recipients and LT recipients (33% vs. 16%) did not reach significance (P=0.170). Despite higher infection rate, more prevalent hepatitis B relapse, and longer stay in the intensive care unit, SLKT recipients experienced significantly higher 1-year survival rate (90.5%) compared with LT recipients (60%, P=0.019). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that postoperative renal failure (odds ratio (OR)=48, P=0.003) and Risk/Injury/Failure/Loss/End-stage (RIFLE) stage (OR=8, P=0.012) were independent risk factors for postoperative death after LT.
CONCLUSIONS: SLKT in patients with hepatitis B had higher early-stage infection rate, but had a higher long-term survival rate compared with the LT group. Although the incidence of postoperative hepatitis B relapse in SLKT recipients was higher, timely and reasonable treatment can ensure long-term survival of patients. Worsening RIFLE stage of recipients can predict high mortality when only given LT. SLKT might be a better choice for RIFLE stage 2 or 3 patients than LT alone.

Keywords: Cause of Death, Adult, Hepatitis B - therapy, Kidney Transplantation - mortality, Liver Transplantation - mortality, Multivariate Analysis, Postoperative Care, Postoperative Complications - etiology, Preoperative Care, Prognosis, Recurrence, Risk Factors, Survival Analysis, Time Factors