Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

21 November 2015 : Animal Research  

Treatment Efficacy of NGF Nanoparticles Combining Neural Stem Cell Transplantation on Alzheimer’s Disease Model Rats

Yan ChenCD, Cuihuan PanDE, Aiguo XuanEF, Liping XuFG, Guoqing BaoAD, Feiei LiuBE, Jie FangCG, Dahong LongABC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.894567

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3608-3615

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. It causes progressive brain disorder involving loss of normal memory and thinking skills. The transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) has been reported to improve learning and memory function of AD rats, and protects basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. Nerve growth factor – poly (ethylene glycol) – poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-nanoparticles (NGF-PEG-PLGA-NPs) can facilitate the differentiation of NSCs in vitro. This study thus investigated the treatment efficacy of NGF-PEG-PLGA-NPs combining NSC transplantation in AD model rats.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: AD rats were prepared by injection of 192IgG-saporin into their lateral ventricles. Embryonic rat NSCs were separated, induced by NGF-PEG-PLGA-NPs in vitro, and were transplanted. The Morris water-maze test was used to evaluate learning and memory function, followed by immunohistochemical staining for basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, hippocampal synaptophysin, and acetylcholine esterase (AchE) fibers.

RESULTS: Rats in the combined treatment group had significantly improved spatial learning ability compared to AD model animals (p<0.05). The number of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, hippocampal synaptophysin, and AchE-positive fibers were all significantly larger than in the NSC-transplantation group, with no difference from control animals.

CONCLUSIONS: NGF-PEG-PLGA-NPs plus NSC transplantation can significantly improve learning and memory functions of AD rats, replenish basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, and help form hippocampal synapses and AchE-positive fibers. These findings may offer practical support for and insight into treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords: Animals, Alzheimer Disease - therapy, Basal Forebrain - physiopathology, Brain - physiopathology, Cholinergic Neurons - pathology, Disease Models, Animal, Hippocampus - metabolism, Learning, Memory, Nanoparticles - therapeutic use, Nerve Growth Factor - pharmacology, Neural Stem Cells - transplantation, Polyesters, Polyethylene Glycols, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley

0 Comments

Editorial

01 January 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Patients

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

25 January 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The 2022 World Health Organization (WHO) Priority Recommendations and Response to the Omicron Va...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936199  

25 January 2022 : Clinical Research  

Experience of the Polish Medical Air Rescue Service During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Meas...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935474  

11 January 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Remote Questionnaire-Based Study to Compare Alcohol Use in 1030 Final-Year High School Students in Split-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935567  

31 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Observational Study of 42 Patients with COVID-19 infection and a History of Hepatitis C Virus...

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935075

In Press

25 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The 2022 World Health Organization (WHO) Priority Recommendations and Response to the Omicron Va...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936199  

25 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

Experience of the Polish Medical Air Rescue Service During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Meas...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935474  

24 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

Causes of Lower Respiratory Tract Infections and the Use of Diagnostic Biomarkers in Blood Samples from Chi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934889  

19 Jan 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Study to Compare the Effects of Methylprednisolone and Dexamethasone in 35 Patients with An...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934703  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

05 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research  

The Effects of Social Support on Sleep Quality of Medical Staff Treating Patients with Coronavirus Disease ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923549

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923549

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750