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30 October 2015 : Laboratory Research  

Influence of MiR-451 on Drug Resistances of Paclitaxel-Resistant Breast Cancer Cell Line

Xi GuB, Jian-Yi LiC, Jiao GuoD, Pi-Song LiE, Wen-Hai ZhangA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.894475

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:3291-3297

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the potential influence of microRNA-451 (miR-451) in drug resistances of the Paclitaxel-resistant breast cancer cell line by transfecting miR-451 mimics and miR-451 inhibitors to MCE-7, MCF-7/EPI, and MCF-7/DOC.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed for detecting whether transfected miR-451 mimics and miR-451 inhibitors could regulate the expression of miR-451 effectively. The apoptosis of the 3 cell lines was measured by applying Annexin V-APC/PI staining. Western blot was used for the detection of the protein expression of Bcl-2 and Caspase 3 after the transfection of miR-451 mimics /inhibitors. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that Bcl-2 protein is a potential target gene for miR-451.

RESULTS: In comparison to the control group, after transfection with miR-451 mimics, there was a significant increase in miR-451 expression in MCF-7, MCF-7/EPI, and MCF-7/DOC. Cells in the three cell lines had increased apoptosis, Bcl-2 protein expression decreased significantly, and Caspase protein expression increased obviously. After the transfection with miR-451 inhibitors, miR-451 expression was significantly decreased and apoptosis in the 3 cell lines had no significant decrease compared with the control group.

CONCLUSIONS: Increased miR-451 expression may negatively regulate Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expression, followed by affecting the protein expression of caspase 3, and accelerate the apoptosis in breast cancer, indicating that miR-451 might influence the drug resistances of the Paclitaxel-resistant breast cancer cell line.

Keywords: Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic - chemistry, Breast Neoplasms - genetics, Cell Line, Tumor - drug effects, DNA Primers, Drug Resistance, Multiple - genetics, Drug Resistance, Neoplasm - genetics, MCF-7 Cells - drug effects, Paclitaxel - chemistry, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750